Horse riding is justice

To practice good riding, we must be honest with the horses and recognize their limitations, in order to improve

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The theory is the knowledge, the practice is knowing what to do. But it knowledge always precedes action.
Without equestrian culture and expertise in horse training, teaching them is impossible. In the case of horse riding, the 'professor' shapes the student, i.e. the horse, a very sensitive creature on which any intervention, positive or negative, is an act of training. Horse riding and training cannot be separated: the simple fact of riding a horse means we are training or untraining it.
Instructors, or trainers, do not have to settle for 'teaching what to do' but must 'make students understand' what to do, how, when, why, for what purpose... teaching riders to be worthy of this name and at the same time modest.
​Horse riding means, above all, learning to understand the horses to get their cooperation without enslaving them. In this sense, horse riding is for honest men. Horse riding can be summarized in two words: Justice and Justness.

Many times, riders blame the bad character of the horse for its rebellion. There is no such thing as 'bad' horses, or horses with a 'bad character', rebellion is the result of inadequate work or of having begun some work with insufficient preparation.
​Horse training is a rational exercise. Many times, riders delude themselves by believing they have truly achieved a certain purpose thanks to their ability, tact, and predisposition of the horse for this purpose. But when these riders realize that their results are not stable and definitive, they resort to gimmicks such as changing the mouthpiece, tightening the curb chain, using spurs and aid with force and as punishment. All this is useless, harmful, and against the rules of good riding. In fact, horses initially comply for good will and because they are ridden with some kind of skills, but when the rider continues to be demanding, their poor physical condition does not allow them to work without stiffening, in serenity and with ease.

The principle to ensure sufficient preparation for each request must be applied in every equestrian discipline, such as show jumping, dressage, and all others.
A good rider is someone who rides a horse well, not someone who, when a horse opposes resistance and has serious difficulties in a new exercise, tries to win at any cost, even by using force or violence; on the contrary, a good rider is someone who, faced with resistance goes, back to the preparatory exercises at the beginning of the work, until the horse is flexible and relaxed enough to face the required exercises.
After obtaining the required softness, availability, and flexibility, the rider must ride with feeling and tact, in order to get the right response from the horse.
The purpose of the training is to make stiff joints disappear in horses, to develop easy handling and, especially, ease to move in balance and keep it constant for a long time, much longer than in horses which are not well trained, and with less energy expenditure.
The body of the horses must prepare for what they have to do, their muscles must be trained, they must assume certain postures to perform a given movement rather, or to overcome an obstacle. All this takes time. Most of the defences and resistances come from the lack of preparation that would allow the horse to perform the movement without effort.
​The insufficient preparation is due to the impatience of the rider, unable to wait until the horse is ready. Indeed, patient must be paired with science.