The basic training of the horse
A horse with a good basic training should be moving freely forward, calmly and on a comparatevily long rein in all three gaits.
The good training helps the horse to develop mentally and phisically, increasing the scope of his natural ability so that he becomes a more pleasant ride and a better horse for competition. It is training that can be used to improve the performance of every type of horse.
The basic training of horse:
- Stimulates his willingness to go forward
- Develops his natural abilities
- Strengthens his physique
- Makes him more supple and gymnastic
- Increases his stamina
- Gives the rider more control
Training requires time, effort and patience. Shorts cuts, such as the use of gadgets, should be avoided as these develop resistences and create their own problems.
Training cannot be conducted to a time-scale. It must be dependent on the progress made. The rate of progress will vary according to the ability and temperament of the horse and the rider.
To teach the acceptance of aids and obedience to the rider the use of force is not allowed. The trainer must analyse the character of his horse and apply the appropriate discipline. In all cases, persuasion is recommended as being more effective than coercion.
The aim must be willing co-operation obtained by rational and tactful methods.
The qualities of a good trainer:
- Ability to make the horse understand. If the horse does not obey, the trainer must consider whether his instructions were understood. He should examine his aids and methods.
- If a good basic position is established by the trainer, the aids can be used more clearly.
- An understanding of the general nature of a horse and an ability to adapt his approach according to the temperament and individual characteristics of the horse he is training.
- Patience and persistence
- Temper must be always controlled.
- Calm authority: ensuring that all movements are quiet and deliberate. - Tolerance of playful high spirit in a young horse, but firmness in the face of wilful disobedience.
- A good sense of rhytm.
- A good knowledge of horsemanship in order to ensure that his horse is being well cared and suitably fed.